Monthly Archives: November 2013

Crawl Metatags with Nutch 1.7

In regards to the Stackoverflow recommendation on enabling the metatag plugin, I came across a roadblock when I had to merge this solution to my integration of AJAX Solr. Unfortunately, taking the recommendation at face value caused a JavaScript error of undefined when accessing the the meta tag key/value pair from the JSON object. Granted the recommendation chained metatag.description together, it interpreted metatag to be an object that did not exist.

Reviewing the key/value structure of JSON, I came across this discussion on Parsing JSON with hyphenated key names, I thought the same would hold true for mine. That said, I’ve augmented the Stackoverflow suggestion slightly to leverage underscores versus dot syntax and came up with the following:


/* For schema.xml on Nutch and Solr */
<field name="metatag_description" type="text_general" stored="true" indexed="true"/>
<field name="metatag_keywords" type="text_general" stored="true" indexed="true"/>

/* For solrindex-mapping.xml on Nutch */
<field dest="metatag_description" source="metatag.serptitle"/>
<field dest="metatag_keywords" source="metatag.serpdescription"/>

This was implemented on Nutch 1.7 on a Solr 4.5.0 instance.

Please refer to the following for context:

  1. Extracting HTML meta tags in Nutch 2.x and having Solr 4 index it
  2. Parsing JSON with hyphenated key names
  3. Nutch – Parse Metatags

Frustrations excluding urls without ‘www’ from Nutch 1.7 crawl

I’m currently using Nutch 1.7 to crawl my domain. My issue is specific to URLs being indexed as www vs. non-www.

Specifically, after firing the crawl and index to Solr 4.5 then validating the results on the front-end with AJAX Solr, the search results page lists results/pages that are both ‘www’ and ” urls such as:


www.mywebsite.com
mywebsite.com
www.mywebsite.com/page1.html
mywebsite.com/page1.html

My understanding is that the url filtering aka regex-urlfilter.txt needs modification. Are there any regex/nutch experts that could suggest a solution?


# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
# contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
# this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
# The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
# (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
# the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
 
 
# The default url filter.
# Better for whole-internet crawling.
 
# Each non-comment, non-blank line contains a regular expression
# prefixed by '+' or '-'.  The first matching pattern in the file
# determines whether a URL is included or ignored.  If no pattern
# matches, the URL is ignored.
 
# skip file: ftp: and mailto: urls
-^(file|ftp|mailto):
 
# skip image and other suffixes we can't yet parse
# for a more extensive coverage use the urlfilter-suffix plugin
-\.(gif|GIF|jpg|JPG|png|PNG|ico|ICO|css|CSS|sit|SIT|eps|EPS|wmf|WMF|zip|ZIP|ppt|PPT|mpg|MPG|xls|XLS|gz|GZ|rpm|RPM|tgz|TGZ|mov|MOV|exe|EXE|jpeg|JPEG|bmp|BMP|js|JS)$
 
# skip URLs containing certain characters as probable queries, etc.
-[?*!@=]
 
# skip URLs with slash-delimited segment that repeats 3+ times, to break loops
-.*(/[^/]+)/[^/]+\1/[^/]+\1/
 
# accept anything else
+^http://([a-z0-9]*\.)*mywebsite.com/

Also on Stackoverflow and pastebin.

Resources for Solr 4.5, Nutch 1.7 and AJAX Solr

I’ll be publishing documentation on here as well as Github which will show you how to set up an Apache Solr instance, crawl then index a website with Apache Nutch and finally integrating those results to the front-end with AJAX Solr.

For now, here’s a list of resources which have proven to be helpful thus far: